The Commodore 64, commonly called C64 is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International. Listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the highest-selling single computer model of all time, independent estimates place the actual number sold between 10 and 17 million units.
Volume production started in early 1982, with machines being released on to the market in August at a price of US $595 Preceded by the Commodore VIC-20 and Commodore PET, the C64 takes its name from its 64 kilobytes (65,536 bytes) of RAM, and has favorable sound and graphical specifications when compared to contemporary systems such as the Apple II. While the Apple cost circa US$1200, it was sold as a complete system with disk drive and dedicated monitor - the 64's $595 price included only the computer itself. The Tandy TRS-80 Color Computer was initially priced at $399, but has only 4kB RAM and cannot match the 64's graphics and sound abilities.
The C64 dominated the low-end computer market for most of the 1980s. For a substantial period (1983 - 1986), the C64 had between 30% and 40% share and 2 million units sold per year, outselling the IBM PC compatibles, Apple Inc. computers, and the Atari 8-bit family of computers. Sam Tramiel, a later Atari president and the son of Commodore's founder, said in a 1989 interview, "When I was at Commodore we were building 400,000 C64s a month for a couple of years."
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